Webalizer not working on Ubuntu

One of my Ubuntu based VPS had Webalizer installed to collect stats from webserver but it was not working because I could see not stats at /webalizer/. If thats the case with you try the following

1) Try running the webalizer crontab

root@backups:~# /etc/cron.daily/webalizer
Error Opening file /usr/share/GeoIP/GeoIP.dat

So we have identified the culprit that geoip-database is not installed.

2) Fix this by installing geoip-database

root@backups:~# apt-get install geoip-database

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Ubuntu – Unable to load dynamic library ‘/usr/lib/php5/20090626+lfs/sqlite.so’

The other day, I was getting this weird error

PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib/php5/20090626+lfs/sqlite.so' - /usr/lib/php5/20090626+lfs/sqlite.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0

Fix it by doing this

root@beta:~# rm -fr /etc/php5/conf.d/sqlite.ini

Because this extension does not exist, you can verify it by running this, you will see that there is already sqlite3.ini file there

root@beta:~# ls -lh /usr/lib/php5/20090626+lfs/ | grep sqlite

vzfree utility to check memory usage in OpenVZ VPS

From the official blog post

Gee. It has been a while since I’ve last written here, and it will be a while again for my next post as I will be on holidays from next Monday (visiting families in Hong Kong and Taiwan). Let me share one small utility program that I wrote quite a while ago.

We all know that the Linux command free(1) is pretty useless inside an OpenVZ VE, even those with meminfo virtualised. So I basically wrote this little util to grab the data from the dreadful user_beancounters and format them into something useful. It’s written in C and only depends on libc so it’s pretty light weight. It also does a little bit of analysis instead of just dumping the data, which I will explain later on.

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Find memory consumed by currently running processes on Linux?

I always had the question (when I am running plenty of scripts on a linux box as to what is eating up all the memory? Finding memory consumed by current running processes in your favorite linux distro. Luckily, I found a great Python utility (scriplet to be exact).

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NAGIOS 3 with notifications on twitter

I have been experimenting with NAGIOS3 on Ubuntu (I will write a how-to-install on NAGIOS later) and it has served me very good in monitoring my 7 VPS from different providers in different part of the world. I have already recorded 3 hours of downtime from ThrustVPS which is a great deal for me. I now know which VPS has the best time and which ones have hiccups (e.g. my 2Host VPS gave me two unreachable notifications but the VPS was running and still reports the uptime as 4 days).

Since I use twitter more, even when Im on the road, notifications via email is a bit slow for me. Luckily I found a great tutorial online to do that.

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Not getting a package on Ubuntu?

If you are not getting a package on Ubunu using apt-get then chances are that it has not been updated in the /etc/apt/sources.list file

For example, the following should be there in the sources.list file if you are running Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (codename lucid)

## main & restricted repositories
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-updates main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-updates main restricted

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted

## universe repositories - uncomment to enable
deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe

deb http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe
deb-src http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe

deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe

How to install byte-unixBench on Ubuntu

From UnixBench project homepage:

UnixBench is the original BYTE UNIX benchmark suite, updated and revised by many people over the years.

The purpose of UnixBench is to provide a basic indicator of the performance of a Unix-like system; hence, multiple tests are used to test various aspects of the system’s performance. These test results are then compared to the scores from a baseline system to produce an index value, which is generally easier to handle than the raw scores. The entire set of index values is then combined to make an overall index for the system.

Some very simple graphics tests are included to measure the 2D and 3D graphics performance of the system.

Multi-CPU systems are handled. If your system has multiple CPUs, the default behaviour is to run the selected tests twice — once with one copy of each test program running at a time, and once with N copies, where N is the number of CPUs. This is designed to allow you to assess:

* the performance of your system when running a single task
* the performance of your system when running multiple tasks
* the gain from your system’s implementation of parallel processing

Do be aware that this is a system benchmark, not a CPU, RAM or disk benchmark. The results will depend not only on your hardware, but on your operating system, libraries, and even compiler.

First install required libraries for compilation :

apt-get install libx11-dev libgl1-mesa-dev libxext-dev perl  perl-modules make

Then get the unixbench and run it :

wget http://byte-unixbench.googlecode.com/files/unixbench-5.1.2.tar.gz
tar xvf unixbench-5.1.2.tar.gz
cd unixbench-5.1.2
./Run

Installing Lighttpd, PHP and MySQL on Ubuntu

If you are not getting a package on Ubuntu, please check to see if your /etc/apt/sources.list file is updated. This is common with most VPS providers

On VPS, especially with challenging small memory limit (e.g. 64MB or 128MB) lighttpd is the best option instead of Apache. In this article I will show you how to do that. On a fresh box (which has no apache installed) type this to get lighttpd webserver installed

apt-get install lighttpd

Now install PHP5 CGI package and PHP5 command line package

apt-get install php5-cgi php5-cli

Edit the following file

nano /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini

and uncomment this line

cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1

Now enable fastcgi module

lighty-enable-mod fastcgi

Restart Lighttpd

/etc/init.d/lighttpd restart

You get the welcome page

Lets install MySQL 5.1 server and client

apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

and optionally phpMyAdmin

apt-get install phpmyadmin

Now create a test page to see if phpinfo is all Ok

nano /var/www/info.php

Type in the following

<?php
phpinfo();

PHP Depreciated errors on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS

If you have installed LAMP (Apache, MySQL and PHP on Ubuntu 10.04 LTS) then running this on SSH

php -v

would be giving you certain PHP Depreciated warning like these

root@sea:~# php -v
PHP Deprecated:  Comments starting with '#' are deprecated in /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/idn.ini on line 1 in Unknown on line 0
PHP Deprecated:  Comments starting with '#' are deprecated in /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/imagick.ini on line 1 in Unknown on line 0
PHP Deprecated:  Comments starting with '#' are deprecated in /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/imap.ini on line 1 in Unknown on line 0
PHP Deprecated:  Comments starting with '#' are deprecated in /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/mcrypt.ini on line 1 in Unknown on line 0
PHP 5.3.2-1ubuntu4 with Suhosin-Patch (cli) (built: Apr  9 2010 08:23:39)
Copyright (c) 1997-2009 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.3.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2010 Zend Technologies

Its a noted bug with Ubuntu and changes may be pushed soon but to fix this just edit each of these files and replace comments starting with ‘#‘ to ‘;‘.